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The Chemistry of the Atmosphere: Its Impact on Global Change
A "Chemistry for the 21st Century Monograph".

J. G. Calvert

Blackwell Science, 1994 [ISBN 0632037792]

In spite of increasing stringency in the control of anthropogenic emissions, the ever increasing population of the Earth and development of new technology continue to bring new and unexpected problems as a result of the great variety of emissions released into our atmosphere - problems such as the generation of ozone in the lower atmosphere, the destruction of stratospheric ozone and the acidification of rain. The 27 papers in this volume result from the CHEMRAWN VII conference which aimed to present the current state of scientific understanding of atmospheric problems and to suggest some plans of action which will lead to their solution.

* 27 state-of-the-art papers on atmospheric chemistry and climate change
* reflects current concerns over human impacts on the atmosphere
* a major section on the 'Ozone Hole'


Section A - Atmospheric Chemistry and Global Change; An Introduction; Atmospheric chemistry and global change: the scientist's viewpoint;

Section B - Stratospheric Ozone Depletion; Northern hemisphere ozone depletion: a review; The possible role of stratospheric 'ice' clouds: heterogeneous chemistry of the 'ozone hole'; Heterogeneous chemistry on global stratospheric particulate: reaction of ClONO2 and N2O5 on sulfuric acid surfaces; Potential ozone changes in the future; The search for halocarbon replacements; Stratospheric aircraft: impact on the stratosphere?;

Section C - Methods of Measurement of Atmospheric Trace Species; The measurement of trace gases using ground-based instrumentaton; Remote sensing of trace gas from satellites and aircraft; Laser methods of measurements of atmospheric trace species; The measurement of OH radicals in the troposphere; Instrumentation for gas exchange measurements;

Section D - Global Warming: the Greenhouse Effect; The greenhouse warming and its relation to global atmospheric photochemistry change; Earth radiation budget, clouds and climate sensitivity; Greenhouse effect and climate change in China; Biogenic dimethyl sulphide, marine aerosol and climate: evidence for and against the existence of a climate-stabilizing feedback mechanism;

Section E - Tropospheric Build-Up of Oxidants; Effects of ozone on plants and people; Concentrations and trends of tropospheric ozone and precursor emissions in the United States and Europe; The chemistry of oxidant generation: tropospheric ozone increase in Japan; Tropospheric ozone: emission control strategy of its precursors; The emission and control of nitrogen oxides from combustion sources;

Section F - Acid Generation in the Troposphere: Acid Rain; Ecological impacts of acid deposition in natural ecosystems; Regional budgets of sulfur and nitrogen in the tropics; Atmospheric photochemistry and its role in the generation of acidity in rain; Modelling of tropospheric acid generation and deposition, and its role in developing control strategies; SO2 and NOx abatement: energy, economics, and influences on greenhouse gases and acid rain; Effects of emissions to the atmosphere on materials and cultural artifacts.

190 illustrations
416 pages


© 1998 Blackwell Science Ltd


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Copyright © 1997, 98, 99 International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry.

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