||I U P A C
Organizations & People
Pure Appl. Chem. Vol. 68, No. 9, pp. 1699-1712 (1996)
The Diversity of Natural Organochlorines
in Living Organisms
(Department of Chemistry, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire
Of the more than 2,600 known naturally
occurring organohalogen compounds, more than 1,500 contain chlorine.
These organochlorines, which range in structural intricacy from the
ubiquitous fungal and plant metabolite chloromethane to the complex
life-saving antibiotic vancomycin, are produced by marine and terrestrial
plants, bacteria, fungi, lichens, insects, marine animals (sponges,
sea hares, nudibranchs, gorgonians, tunicates), some higher animals,
and a few mammals. New examples are continually being discovered and
the total number of natural organohalogens may surpass 3,000 by the
turn of the century.
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