Chemistry International
Vol. 21 (1999)

1999, Vol. 21
No. 6 (November)
No. 5 (September)
No. 4 (July)
No. 3 (May)
No. 2 (March)
No. 1 (January)

1998, Vol. 20

1997, Vol. 19

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Chemistry International

1999, Volume 21

Index 1999



No. 1 (January)

IUPAC-AAPAC Joint Meeting on Chemistry in the Development of Africa

On the occasion of the Seventh International Chemistry Conference in Africa, 5-10 July, 1998 the current Presidents of IUPAC (Prof. Joshua Jortner) and AAPAC (Prof. E. D. Bekoe) convened a conference of African chemistry leaders with representatives of IUPAC. In the extraordinarily effective one-day meeting, held on July 11, 1998, the participants discussed problems facing the African chemical enterprise and suggested solutions that could be implemented jointly by IUPAC and AAPAC.

No. 2 (March)

Bioinformatics and the Internet

At the turn of the millennium, two young technologies can be singled out which have a major impact on science, industry, and society: recombinant DNA and information technology. As they combine in the field of bioinformatics, they are transforming the pharmaceutical, agrochemical, and food industries and, as a consequence, university education. Much of today's information in the life sciences is generated by collaborative efforts at different locations worldwide, and effective communication is essential for success. Thus, the huge amount of data generated by large-scale genome sequencing activities, e.g., the human genome project, depends heavily on computing and telecommunications and stimulates further efforts in this area.

No. 3 (May)

Historical Overview of the South African Chemical Industry: 1896 - 1998

In a limited sense, a chemical industry has been in existence in South Africa for many centuries. Dyes, fragrances, flavorings, and medicinals were extracted from plants, and animal fats were used in soap making and leather preserving. These activities were carried out on a limited scale; just enough was made to meet the immediate needs of small groups of people. As time passed, some substances, particularly fragrances, dyes, and medicinals, became articles of trade and, when in short supply, commanded high prices. However, it was not until the Industrial Revolution that chemicals were manufactured in sufficient quantities to talk about a chemical industry as we know it today.

No. 4 (July)

Election of Officers and Bureau Members

Nominations for the various positions that fall vacant at the end of 1999 must be received by the Secretary General at the IUPAC Secretariat before 13 June 1999, i.e., two months before the start of the Council meeting (Bylaw 2.221). The situation for each position (as this issue went to press on 18 June) is set out.

No. 5 (September)

President's Report on the State of the Union
(To view this file, leave CI and enter IUPAC News Section).

The future message of IUPAC should rest on:

  • Openness to the fast expansion of the borders of the chemical sciences;
  • Response to conceptual and structural changes in chemical research and technology;
  • Perpetuation of interdisciplinary unification, high quality, relevance, and the global dimension in activities;
  • Contribution to the globalization of the scientific endeavor;
  • Recruiting "Human Capital" for IUPAC;
  • Adherence to the principles, norms, values, and ethics of science.

No. 6 (November)

Chemistry in Today's Brazil

This article surveys the birth and development of the chemical community in Brazil over the last 50 years. Chemistry in Brazil has had its ups and downs over the years. The institutionalization of chemistry took considerable time and still is irregular, depending in part upon the whims of the government at any given time. Starting from humble beginnings, a vigorous chemistry community developed and rapidly expanded the scope of its activities across the country. Many problems remain unsolved, however, and to these have now been added dismal government policies that threaten to negate many of the accomplishments achieved thus far. Brazilian chemistry is at the threshold of a new age that will differ greatly from the previous half-century.


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